Trucking companies often strive to make their trucks more reliable, efficient, and durable. One way to assure better performance for trucks is to get the right tires for different axle positions of trucks. Based on the axle positions of trucks, here are the three types of tires for trucks.
- Steer tires
- Drive tires
- Trailer tires
The three-axle positions determine the type of tire to be used. Using the right type of tire is very important for the optimal and efficient performance of your truck. Every axle position has a specific size, tread depth, and pattern requirements that you need to fulfill. Failing to do so can lead to increased wear, uneven performance, and high fuel consumption.
When choosing a tire for your truck, other factors such as weather, terrain, and load also play an important role.
Types of truck tires for different axle positions
As listed above, trucks have as many types of tires as their axle positions. We will discuss the different types of tires for trucks according to the axle positions that they are meant for in the following context.
The steer or front axle is the most important position for any truck. The tires that are fitted into this position are called steer tires. The name “Steer Tyres” also indicates the purpose of these tires. These tires determine how comfortable will it be for the driver of the truck while they are driving.
Steer tires help the drivers handle the truck, make turns, and ensure a smooth ride. Not only that but these tires also determine the fuel consumption and mileage of the truck. Steer axle tires are subjected to a lot of wear and stress and they should be made of high-quality material.
These tires should be made of the most durable material and should be able to handle and disperse any obstruction that comes their way without passing it on to other tyres. For example, if you come across water on the road, steer tyres should have tread patterns that can disperse the water to avoid slipping. Furthermore, they should also be quite resistant to ensure the economy.
Drive tyres are fitted into the Drive axle position right behind the steer axle. These tyres usually have dual configurations and they also play an important role in fuel economy and mileage. After the steer tyres, Drive tyres are the most important because they are used to transfer the power coming from the transmission and translate it into the forward movement of the truck.
Drive axle tyres should also be resistant and strong, and they should have the right tread pattern and thickness. The tread pattern and thickness are important because these tyres have to handle a lot of braking pressure and they should be able to do that efficiently.
In addition to that, drive tyres also have to bear the load of the truck as well as the goods. These tyres are subjected to more wear than tyres in any other position. If you fail to take care of them as you need to, you will be changing them more often.
The tyres in the trailer axle position of a truck are known as trailer tyres. These tyres carry huge amounts of load and this is why they should be able to withstand high pressure from the weight as well as the brakes. Equipping them with sidewalls can help prolong their life by saving them from curb damage.
All position tyres
As the name indicates, all-position tyres are the type of tyres that can be fitted into any axle position. They are manufactured and configured to ensure all-around performance, stability, and flexibility. These tyres are great for long hauls and they are cost efficient but they are not ideal for more intensive applications. For the best performance in terms of mileage and fuel economy, you should fit the Steer, Drive, and Trailer tyres in their respective positions.
Can you use Steer, Drive, and Trailer tyres in positions other than their respective axles?
Yes, you can use Steer, Drive, and Trailer tyres in positions other than their respective axles but the more important question is, should you? Every axle position performs specific functions for the optimal performance of the vehicle and only equipping tyres at the right places can assure that.